Komplek Angkor Wat terletak di Siem Reap, barat laut Kamboja, sekitar enam sampai tujuh jam perjalanan bus dari ibu kota Phnom Penh.

Angkor Wat pernah mengalami masa kejayaan saat menjadi ibu kota dan pusat pemerintahan Kerajaan Khmer, sekitar abad ke-9 sampai 14. Pasca jatuhnya Kerajaan Khmer, bangunan ini terbengkalai selama berabad-abad, sebagian rusak karena alam.

Kini, komplek Angkor Wat telah mengalami beberapa kali pemugaran dan konservasi, menjadi destinasi wisata utama di Kamboja yang menyedot hingga dua juta wisatawan per tahun.

As Rumi said, where there is ruin there is hope for treasure. Angkor Wat, built between the ninth and 14th centuries, is Cambodia biggest tourist attraction. It is a symbol of national pride, emblazoned on the Cambodian flag, and a UNESCO World Heritage site.

The hundreds of temples surviving today are but the sacred skeleton of the vast political, religious and social center of the ancient empire. At its zenith the city boasted a population of one million people, the largest preindustrial city in the world.

After the fall of the Khmer empire the Angkor temples were abandoned and reclaimed by the jungle for centuries. Situated amid dense rainforest and rice paddies, many of the temples at Angkor have now been restored and welcome over two million tourists each year.

Ta Keo

Ta Keo merupakan candi Hindu yang didedikasikan untuk dewa Siwa. Candi ini dibangun pada pemerintahan Raja Jayavarman V. Pada proses pembangunannya candi ini pernah disambar petir. Jalan menuju puncak candi sangat curam, tapi pemandangan dari puncak candi ini sangat indah, terutama saat sunset.

Ta Keo was built as the state temple of Jayavarman V, son of Rajendravarman, who had built the Pre Rup temple. Legend has it that the temple was struck by lightning during its construction, and all work was abandoned at a stage where the main structure was complete but no external carvings had been added. The climb to the top of the temple is very steep, but the view is well worth it.

Banteay Kdei

Tak banyak yang diketahui tentang Banteay Kdei sehingga kerap disebut sebagai candi misterius. Banteay Kdei diperkirakan sebagai biara Buddha karena pada saat penggalian ditemukan ratusan patung Buddha. Candi ini dibangun pada abad ke-12, hampir bersamaan dengan Ta Prohm.

Little is known about this mysterious temple. It is presumed that Banteay Kdei was a Buddhist monastery as hundreds of Buddha statues have been excavated from the site. The temple was probably built in the 12th century, around the same time as the Ta Prohm temple.

Pre Rup

Candi ini memilik tiga menara di tengahnya dan dari kejauhan terlihat seperti mini Angkor Wat. Pre Rup dibangun sebagai kuil negara untuk Raja Rajendravarman pada abad ke-10 dan didedikasikan untuk dewa Siwa.

With its three central spires, Pre Rup looks a bit like a mini Angkor Wat. Pre Rup was built as the state temple of king Rajendravarman in 961 and was dedicated to Shiva. It was the second temple built after the capital was returned to Angkor from Koh Ker after a period of political upheaval. It’s a crumbling temple but still magnificent in size and structure.

Preah Khan

Preah Khan terletak di dekat Ta Prohm, salah satu komplek terluas di Angkor. Sepintas, Preah Khan identik dengan Ta Prohm, reruntuhan batu-batu raksasa diapit akar-akar pohon berusia ratusan tahun. Preah Khan diperkirakan dulu menjadi tempat tinggal sementara saat pembangunan Angkor Wat.

The temple of Preah Kahn is one of the largest complexes at Angkor. Like the nearby Ta Prohm temple, Preah Khan has been left largely unrestored, with numerous trees growing among the ruins. Preah Khan was built by king Jayavarman VII and probably served as his temporary residence while Angkor Thom was being built.

Phnom Bakheng

Phnom Bakheng merupakan candi Hindu yang didedikasikan untuk Dewa Siwa dengan bentuk menyerupai gunung. Candi ini diperkirakan dibangun pada abad ke-9, dua abad sebelum Angkor Wat. Phnom Bakheng diyakini sebagai awal mula kejayaan Kerajaan Khmer.

Phnom Bakheng is a Hindu temple in the form of a temple mountain. It was constructed at the end of the 9th century, more than two centuries before Angkor Wat, during the reign of King Yasovarman. Phnom Bakheng was the architectural centerpiece of a new capital, Yasodharapura. Located on top of a hill, the temple is a very popular tourist spot for the magnificent sunset views.

Banteay Srei

Lokasi candi ini cukup jauh dari komplek utama Angkor Wat, sekitar 30 kilometer. Meski terpisah dan masuk kategori situs terkecil di Angkor, namun Banteay Srei tetap menjadi magnet wisatawan karena dikenal sebagai “Permata Khmer”. Candi ini dipenuhi ukiran yang sangat rumit dengan motif floral dan kisah epos Ramayana.

Located far (about 30 km) from the main group of temples, Banteay Srei is one of the smallest sites at Angkor. Due to its beautiful carvings however it is extremely popular with tourists and considered a jewel of Khmer art. Built of fine grained rose-pink sandstone, the temple walls are elaborately decorated with floral motifs and epic Ramayana scenes.

Angkor Thom

Angkor Thom (Kota Besar) adalah bekas ibu kota Kerajaan Angkor. Komplek candi ini dikelilingi parit dan tembok besar dengan beberapa gerbang. Setiap gerbang identik dengan Bayon atau patung wajah raksasa. Di gerbang selatan terdapat deretan 54 patung dewa dan setan.

The last great capital of the Khmer empire, the most fascinating way to enter Angkor Thom (literally “Great City”) is through the south gate. The causeway here is flanked by 54 gods and 54 demons depicting parts of the popular Hindu legend “The Churning of the Ocean of Milk”.

Ta Prohm

Ingat film Tomb Rider? Di sinilah kamu bisa merasakan petualangan dan penjelajahan kuil-kuil kuno. Ta Prohm dulunya merupakan candi besar yang merupakan rumah bagi ribuan penghuni kerajaan. Setelah jatuhnya Kerajaan Khmer di abad ke-15, candi ini ditinggalkan dan ditelan hutan. Hal ini bisa dilihat dari reruntuhan candi yang dicengkeram akar-akar raksasa berusia ratusan tahun.

Ta Prohm is undoubtedly the most atmospheric and photogenic ruin at Angkor, with trees growing out of the ruins. Here you can still experience an India Jones moment and feel like an early explorer. If Angkor Wat and other temples are a testimony to the genius of the ancient Khmers, Ta Prohm equally reminds us of the awesome power of the jungle.

Bayon Temple

Bayon identik dengan batu-batu besar berbentuk wajah yang mengarah semua penjuru mata angin. Ada lebih dari 200 wajah batu yang diyakini merupakan kombinasi potret Raja Jayavarman VII dan Buddha. Pada masa jayanya, Bayon merupakan pusat Kerajaan Khmer. Bayon merupakan satu-satunya candi di Angkor yang didedikasikan untuk Buddha.

The Bayon temple features over 200 massive stone faces looking in all direction. The curious smiling faces, thought by many to be a portrait of king Jayavarman VII himself or a combination of him and Buddha. Built in the 12th century by King Jayavarman VII as part of a massive expansion of his capital Angkor Thom, the Bayon is built at the exact center of the royal city.

Angkor Wat

Angkor Wat (Kota Kuil) adalah candi yang paling megah dan besar dari semua candi di Angkor, sekaligus simbol Kamboja (ada di bendera Kamboja). Struktur bangunan candi ini berbentuk segi empat yang dikelilingi waduk atau kolam. Candi ini dibangun pada pemerintahan Raja Suryavarman II pada abad ke-12. Cerita epos Hindu dan dewa-dewa banyak ditemukan pada relief dinding candi. Diperkirakan sekitar abad ke-13 Angkor Wat berubah dari candi Hindu menjadi Buddha. Wisatawan biasanya mulai menuju Angkor Wat sebelum matahari muncul untuk menikmati sunrise di candi ini.

Angkor Wat is the most magnificent and largest of all Angkor temples. Built under the reign of king Suryavarman II in the first half of the 12 century, Angkor Wat is the pinnacle of Khmer architecture. In the late 13th century, Angkor Wat gradually moved from a Hindu temple to a Theravada Buddhist one. Unlike other temples at Angkor which were abandoned after the fall of the Khmer empire in the 15th century, Angkor Wat remained a Buddhist shrine.

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