Sisa-sisa kekejaman perang Kamboja akhir 1970an masih tampak jelas dan bisa kita lihat saat traveling ke negara ini. Salah satunya Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum di Phnom Penh.

Museum ini berupa bangunan sekolah setingkat SMP yang selama rezim Khmer Merah berkuasa dijadikan penjara, tempat interogasi, penyiksaan, sekaligus eksekusi tahanan.

During the gruesome reign of the Khmer Rouge regime (1975-1979) about more than two million Cambodians were killed, almost half of the total population at that time.

Pol Pot and his Khmer Rouge regime tried to create a purely based agrarian society and all people with the slightest sign of intellect were seen as a traitor. These innocent people were arrested, interrogated and killed.

Museum Tuol Sleng, Saksi Bisu Kekejaman Khmer Merah

Tuol Sleng juga dikenal dengan sebutan Kompleks 21 atau S-21. Selama Khmer Merah berkuasa dari tahun 1975 sampai 1979, diperkirakan 17.000 sampai 20.000 orang -jumlah pastinya tidak pernah diketahui- dipenjara disini. Setiap harinya, ratusan tahanan dibunuh dan disiksa.

Mayoritas “tahanan” di Tuol Sleng adalah rakyat biasa, karyawan, dan orang terpelajar yang dianggap bisa melakukan kudeta. Sebagian besar tahanan disiksa dan dieksekusi di tempat ini, tapi ada juga yang dipindah dan dieksekusi di Killing Field.

Tuol Sleng used to be an ordinary school where children played, laughed and were educated. Their world and that of other Cambodian people turned into a hell however. In 1976, during the first years of their regime, the Khmer Rouge turned this school into a torture and interrogation prison.

Museum Tuol Sleng, Saksi Bisu Kekejaman Khmer Merah

Gedung sekolah ini terdiri dari empat gedung utama. Gedung-gedung ini diberi nama A, B, C, dan D. Sekeliling bangunan ditutupi kawat berduri dan dialiri listrik. Ruang kelas diubah menjadi penjara kecil yang disekat dengan tembok bata dan kayu seadanya.

The Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum S-21 complex was once a school and there are four main buildings known simply as Building A, B, C, and D. The buildings are situated around two courtyards that were once the school’s playing area.

It has been estimated that over 16,000 people passed through the S-21 facility, but less than a handful survived. If you were sent to S-21 your fate was sealed. The prisoners were subjected to the most extreme of torture methods, which some had to endure for months.

Museum Tuol Sleng, Saksi Bisu Kekejaman Khmer Merah

Gedung A merupakan bekas kelas-kelas yang dijadikan tempat penyiksaan para tahanan. Di dalam kelas terdapat tempat tidur dengan aliran listrik. Di atas balai-balai besi terdapat alat penjepit kuku dan juga rantai untuk mengikat kaki tahanan.

Sementara itu di gedung B terdapat bilik-bilik kecil yang menjadi penjara bagi tahanan. Dinding luar gedung ini diberi pagar kawat listrik agar tahanan tidak bisa lari atau bunuh diri. Di gedung ini juga terdapat dokumentasi foto-foto para tahanan serta baju-baju yang mereka pakai.

Each of the buildings has grim reminders of the horrific events that occurred within the prison. Building A was the torture facility and much of the equipment still remains there, where the Vietnamese discovered the last victims of the prison on the liberation of Phnom Penh.

Museum Tuol Sleng, Saksi Bisu Kekejaman Khmer Merah

Di depan gedung B terdapat sebuah tiang kayu dan gentong besar di bawahnya. Tiang kayu ini dijadikan alat interogasi dan menyiksa tawanan. Bila dianggap belum mengaku, tahanan akan kembali disiksa dengan alat-alat seperti palu, gunting, pisau, cangkul dan sebagainya.

Gedung C dan D juga menjadi tempat interogasi dan penyiksaan. Di gedung ini terdapat ribuan tengkorak dan tulang korban Khmer Merah. Juga lukisan yang menggambarkan kejamnya interogasi dan eksekusi yang dilakukan Khmer Merah.

Building B displays the black and white images of the prisoners on their arrival to the S-21 prison and few of these people were left alive. These sorrowful images look back at the visitors, haunting them with the worry and distress, clearly visible in their faces.

Building C was the main prison with classrooms that were converted into cells and holding rooms. The prisoners were chained and kept in horrific conditions, each waiting for their deadly interrogation.

Museum Tuol Sleng, Saksi Bisu Kekejaman Khmer Merah

Satu dari tiga rakyat Kamboja tewas selama rezim Khmer Merah. Kini bangsa Kamboja telah bangkit dari perang. Rasa ngeri bercampur sedih sangat terasa saat mengunjungi tempat ini. Tidak pernah terbayangkan bagaimana manusia bisa begitu kejam terhadap sesama.

Of the 7 Tuol Sleng survivors only 3 are still alive today. One of them is Chum Mey. He wrote a book about this 12 days and 12 nights of torture.

Museum Tuol Sleng, Saksi Bisu Kekejaman Khmer Merah

Museum Tuol Sleng, Saksi Bisu Kekejaman Khmer Merah

How to get there

Museum Tuol Sleng berjarak sekitar 3 km dari Royal Palace, bsia dijangkau paling mudah dengan tuk-tuk atau taksi dengan biaya sekitar USD 4. Museum ini buka setiap hari dari jam 7 pagi sampai 11.30 siang, kemudian jam 2 siang sampai jam 5.30 sore. Harga tiket masuk USD 3,5 untuk wisatawan asing dengan tambahan USD 3 bila ingin menggunakan tour audioguide.

The Tuol Sleng Museum is open every day between 7:00 am – 11.30 am and 2:00 pm – 5:30 pm, and there is an admission fee of $3.50. The Tuol Sleng Museum is 3km from the Royal Palace and it’s located at the southern end of Sisowath Quay.

A tuk-tuk ride from the Palace and the main tourist centre, to the museum should cost less than $4. It is common to combine the visit to the S-21 Museum with the Killing Fields of Choeung Ek and the tuk-tuk price to visit both sites is $20.

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